Signs and Symptoms of Depression

Signs and Symptoms of Depression

There are varying signs and symptoms of depression, and for many these symptoms interfere with day-to-day life. Depression (major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is more than just a rough patch, but rather a serious mental health condition. Treatment for depression is vital, as when left untreated, symptoms can worsen and further interfere with one’s life.

Depression is one of the most common mental health conditions. NAMI reported that in 2020, at least 8.4% of the U.S. population experienced at least one major depressive episode. 

It is important to understand the symptoms of depression so that you can recognize the signs, and get treatment if necessary.


Depression symptoms vary by person and form of depression. Common symptoms include, but are not limited to:

  • Loss of energy
  • Lack of interest in activities
  • Hopelessness
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Changes in sleep
  • Feelings of guilt
  • Change of appetite 
  • Physical aches and pains
  • Suicidal thoughts

COMMON Forms OF Depression 

  • Major depressive disorder (also known as clinical depression)
  • Persistent depressive disorder
  • Postpartum depression
  • Seasonal affective disorder


There are many causes and risk factors for depression, current studies within the United States suggest risk factors for depression include a combination of:

  • Genetics
  • Environmental stress
  • Other medical conditions


If you or a loved one is in a crisis, it is important to get help immediately. If in danger of suicide:

  • Call 911
  • Go to the nearest emergency room
  • Call the toll-free, 24-hour hotline of the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 988